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Applied Physics and Technological Research


Innovation is the key to growth, competitiveness and thus social well-being in the 21st century. Providing new solutions to rapidly emerging societal problems is therefore crucial in an ever more knowledge-intensive economy. In this framework, the specific goals of technological research are to promote excellence science, to excite competitive industries and to establish a better society. INFN support applied physics and technological research through the 5th National Scientific Committe (CSN5): Legnaro labs in particular are a national and international reference for the development of the future prototypes and for the realization of the nowadays particle accelerators. They are employed in fundamental physics research, as well as in other research fields and in economic and social life. A strong interdisciplinary activity concerns developments in radiation detectors, electronics and information technology. These technologies have found broad applications in other science fields, as well as health, defense, cultural heritage and environment preservation. In biomedical field, technological research found relevant application in medical imaging, cancer therapy, dosimetry and treatment planning system in radiotherapy with proton and ion beam.


Research infrastructures and irradiation facilities for interdisciplinary applications

CSN5 president: Dr. Valter Bonvicini
LNL coordinator in charge: Dr. Valeria Conte

More info may be found at the INFN CSN5 website

At LNL in year 2020 the following projects are open.





National Responsible: V. Rigato


Local Responsible: V. Rigato


COURSE: accelerators




Single ion deterministic irradiation and implantation sub-micron | Beam collimation | Single ion detection | Sub-micron beam size determination | Imaging with spatial resolution of nm | IBIC | Avalanche Si pixel detector: response and damage |  Thins films patterned irradiation | Precision targeting with MeV ions



National Responsible: A. Selva


Local Responsible: A. Selva


COURSE: detectors




Microdosimetric characterization of radiation fields



National Responsible: P. Mastinu


Local Responsible: M. Rossignoli


COURSE: accelerators




Production of fast neutrons (E> 1 MeV), study of the performance of neutron screens and study of effects on electronic devices



National Responsible: G. Carugno


Local Responsible: A. Dainelli


COURSE: detectors




Laser interaction with excited and ionized atomic states



National Responsible: L. Bandiera


Local Responsible: D. De Salvador


COURSE: accelerators




Enhancement of bremsstrahlung radiation in oriented crystals



National Responsible: A. Altieri


Local Responsible: E. Fagotti


COURSE: interdisciplinary physics




Process related to Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT)



National Responsible: F. Fraboni


Local Responsible: S. Carturan


COURSE: detectors




Direct and indirect detection in real time of photons and particles



National Responsible: D. Cesini


Local Responsible: S. Fantinel


COURSE: electronics and computing




Equipment for broadband interconnections between data centers using SDN (Software Defined Network) technologies coupled with software for distributed storage federation for the implementation of a DataLake on a national scale. The storage will be installed at Tier 1 and at the Tier 2 of CMS and ATLAS.



National Responsible: M. Cavenago


Local Responsible: M. Cavenago


COURSE: accelerators




Enhanced ion source techniques and neutron detection for particle beam manipulation and fusion application.



National Responsible: A. Andrighetto


Local Responsible: A. Andrighetto


COURSE: interdisciplinary physics




Transportation ionization and identification of Silver isotopes. Photoionization of Ag atoms. Deposition and purification in the secondary target. Synthesis of complexes containing silver and copper (also with radioactive isostopes) Study of organic molecules for the transport of silver to cellular targets, in vivo studies of luminescence and radiolabelling



National Responsible: J. Esposito


Local Responsible: J. Esposito


COURSE: interdisciplinary physics




a) (main objective): study of nuclear reactions 52Cr (p, n) 52g / mMn, 53Cr (p, 2n) 52g / mMn, 54Cr (p, 3n), 52g / mMn and of the main reaction producing channels contaminants of the Mn. b) (secondary objective): study of alternative nuclear reactions that can produce 52m / gMn, using both proton and deutonic beams: 52Cr (d, 2n); 56Fe (p, αn); 56Fe (d, α2n); 54Fe (p, 3He); 54Fe (d, α) and evaluation of the main interferents. (c) Study of new transporter molecules (drugs) able to maintain the paramagnetic properties of Mn52 for future hybrid PET / MRI.



National Responsible: P. Zotto


Local Responsible: P. Antonini


COURSE: accelerators




Construction of a prototype modular electrostatic accelerator



National Responsible: G. Cutttone


Local Responsible: V. Conte


COURSE: interdisciplinary physics




p + 11B -> 3 alpha reaction study to improve the effectiveness of a proton therapy treatment



National Responsible: V. Conte


Local Responsible: V. Conte


COURSE: interdisciplinary physics




Track structure measurements at the nanometer level. Microdosimetry at the nanometer



National Responsible: D. De Salvador


Local Responsible: D. De Salvador


COURSE: detectors




Iper-pure and nanometric doping processes



National Responsible: F. Picollo


Local Responsible: V. Rigato


COURSE: interdisciplinary physics




Study of the effects at cellular level of in vitro radiation of X radiation administered at high dose rates



National Responsible: C. Pira


Local Responsible: C. Pira


COURSE: accelerators




Sputtering systems, cryostats and measurement bench in RF, chemical plant, SEM, XRD

Other experiments


PP_MUNES (National Responsible: A. Pisent; Local Responsible: E. Fagotti)


LARAMED (National Responsible: A. Duatti; Local Responsible: J. Esposito)


ESS-MIUR (National Responsible: S. Gammino; Local Responsible: A. Pisent)


IFMIF (National Responsible: A. Pisent, Local Responsible: A. Pisent)


INFN_E (National Responsible: M. Ripani)


SPES (National Responsible: G. Prete)



National INFN Responsible: M. Cavenago
LNL person in charge: M. Cavenago

Plasma4beam (2017-2019) experiment is an integrated project to develop ion sources, ion coolers, computational techniques and measurement devices for high current ion beams and neutron detectors of interest for project ITER and other fusion reactors, and for SPES project. The experiment is based at five  INFN branches (BA, LNF, LNL, MI and MIB) and is performed in close synergy with ''Consorzio RFX'', Padua and the project PRIMA (Padua Research on ITER Megavolt Accelerator), which is developing the neutral injectors for ITER (nominal beam power 40 MW, that is 40 A of negative ion beam / 1 MV acceleration, for each injector).

Plasma4beam research activities are organized in five workpackages:

WP1: operation and development ( after our design and construction supervision) of a versatile test ion source NIO1, producing 9 beamlets of H- ions up to 15 mA each, 60 kV acceleration voltage; beam is continuously working, or has a duration comparable to ITER specification, as 3600 s). Financed with external funds.

WP2: Radiofrequency Cooler

WP3: development and construction of triple GEM neutron detectors (about which INFN has a long tradition also spread over other experiments and branches); in this case, detectors may have a fast temporal resolution and can give information on neutron energy and therefore on the production reaction.

WP4:  positive ion sources with high current (TRIPS and IFMIF-style)

WP5: theory of ion sources and of particle beams (H- ions with electrons) in strong space charge condition. In addition to using  existing codes, we wrote a code called BYPO introducing new techniques to defeat the granularity error of standard ray tracing(typical of previous codes). Moreover we discover and publish some more analytical (or semi analytical approximation) solution to problems of space charge, and of coupling between radiofrequency and ion source plasma, and of transport near the plasma/sheath/beam transition. In parallel to theoretical research, we built small plasma generators and extraction systems.

beam4fusion 1

Figure 1: Overall design of ion source  NIO1.

beam4fusion 2abeam4fusion 2ab

Figure 2: a) scheme of GEM placement to verify the beam impact area on a adequate calorimeter, as for example an hypervapotron (TM)  b) GEM prototype for SPIDER.

beam4fusion 3

Figure 3: simulation results for ion and coextracted electrons (shown separately): A) electron with high remanence magnet Br= 0.96 T (residual flux density); B) H- ions, with same Br; C) H- ions, with Br=0.48 T magnets; note beam halo.

beam4fusion 4

Figure 4:  the Fast Emittance Scanner

LNL Events

All events

PARIS User meeting
INFN-LNL, 28-29 November 2019

Programma INFN Docenti (PID)
INFN-LNL, 10-14 February 2020


LNL Seminars

All seminars

Molecular Imaging for clinical and preclinical researches
by Dr Giorgio Russo (IBFM-CNR)
Thursday, 28 November 2019 from 14:30 to 17:00, Rostagni meeting room

Quantum entanglement in Cooper pair tunneling between superfluid nuclei
by Prof. Ricardo Broglia (Università di Copenhagen)
Wednesday, 11 December 2019 from 11:00 to 13:00, Villi meeting room

Quantum advantage with superconducting quantum circuits: from sensing to computing
by Prof. Martin Weides (University of Glasgow)
Thursday, 12 December 2019 from 11:30 to 13:30, Villi meeting room

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